Nature of grievance

Perjury proceedings are legal action against those persons who have knowingly made false statements or have led false evidence in the Court proceedings, like Knowingly giving of false evidence by making false statement on oath; Fabricating / creating false evidence, by making a document containing a false statement, or, by making false entry in any book or record, or, by creating fake circumstances; Knowingly using a false evidence, as genuine evidence; Knowingly issuing or signing a false certificate which may be used in evidence; Knowingly using a false certificate, as true certificate; Voluntarily making of a false statement in a declaration as to the point material to the object of such declaration to a Court or to any public Servant: Knowingly using a declaration containing a false statement, as true declaration; Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false information to shield / protect offender; Altering / tempering of documents which are there in the custody of the Court.


There are several offences being defined under IPC which are called as act of perjury. Depending upon the nature of acts and omissions attributed and alleged against the person, the applicable section may be invoked against him.

Sr. No.Offence
1 IPC Section 191 Knowingly giving of false evidence by making false statement on oath:
2 IPC Section 192 Fabricating / creating false evidence, by making a document containing a false statement, or, by making false entry in any book or record, or, by creating fake circumstances
3 IPC Section 196 Knowingly using a false evidence, as genuine evidence;
4 IPC Section 197 Knowingly issuing or signing a false certificate which may be used in evidence;
5 IPC Section 198 Knowingly using a false certificate, as true certificate;
6 IPC Section 199 Voluntarily making of a false statement in a declaration as to the point material to the object of such declaration to a Court or to any public Servant:
7 IPC Section 200 Knowingly using a declaration containing a false statement, as true declaration;
8 IPC Section 201 Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false information to shield / protect offender;


There are some offences being defined under IPC for knowingly making false claim in the Court of law, or knowingly suffers a decree against them although no sum due against them. Depending upon the nature of acts and omissions attributed and alleged against the person, the applicable section may be invoked against him.


Sr. No. Offence
1 IPC Section 208 against any person who fraudulently suffering decree against him for sum not actually due
2 IPC Section 209 against any person who dishonestly making false claim in the Court
3 IPC Section 210 against any person who fraudulently obtaining decree although no sum due


There are some offences being defined under IPC for knowingly making false complaints before Police or before any Public Authority or in the Court of law. Depending upon the nature of acts and omissions attributed and alleged against the person, the applicable section may be invoked against him.



Sr. No. Offence
1 IPC Section 181 for knowingly making false statement on oath before any Public Servant.
2 IPC Section 182 for knowingly giving false information to Public Servant to cause injury to the person against whom false information is given.
3 IPC Section 211 for knowingly making a false charge of offence with intent to injure the said person.


If the person Accused is apparently not directly involved in the alleged offence, but has caused the occurrence of the offence by way of indirect participation in the crime or otherwise, the criminal liability may be fastened upon such persons on the basis of sharing the “common intention” as suggested and defined u/s 34 of IPC; or by way of “abetment” as suggested and defined u/ss 107 to 116 of IPC; or by way of “criminal conspiracy” as suggested and defined u/s 120A of IPC, 1860. Read further at links below.

http://thepracticeoflawjalan.blogspot.in/2012/04/offence-common-intention-criminal.html http://thepracticeoflawjalan.blogspot.com/2013/01/abetment.html http://thepracticeoflawjalan.blogspot.com/2012/04/offence-criminal-conspiracy.html

Being aggrieved by any of these instances, the jurisdiction of High Courts under Article 227 of the Constitution of India r/w Section 195(1) of CrPC, 1973, may be invoked.